Blockchain Governance: All you need to know

Blockchain Governance: All you need to know

Bware Labs Team

5 min read

Explore the complexities of blockchain governance and its impact on decentralized networks. Learn about key elements and strategies.

In today’s corporate landscape, the majority of companies rely on centralization, a structure that simplifies governance. However, blockchain’s defining characteristic, decentralization, introduces a unique complexity to the governance equation. This article delves into the intricate realm of governing decentralized platforms, networks, and social groups in the blockchain ecosystem.

What is blockchain governance?

While blockchain presents several challenges, implementing blockchain governance principles can be quite demanding. Moreover, blockchains continually evolve at a brisk pace, requiring users to stay adaptable in the ever-expanding ecosystem. The ultimate aim is to enhance user benefits, which is why systems evolve over time to align with this objective.

With blockchain governance, the Web3 space tries to manage the ever-changing state of its needs and demands. Blockchain governance aims to deal with different governance and technology layers that constitute the blockchain system, while also focusing on its operations and the internet infrastructure.

Who is behind blockchain governance?

To address this issue, blockchain governance depends on the participation of four distinct groups: Core developers, Node operators, Token holders, and the Blockchain team. The specific number of these central communities may vary from one blockchain to another, but typically, these four communities collectively assume the responsibility for overseeing blockchain governance.

Core Developers manage and maintain the core code, Node Operators maintain ledger copies and determine feature implementation, Token Holders exert influence through voting rights and investment, and the Blockchain Team secures funding and acts as a mediator, facilitating communication among these communities to ensure effective decision-making and governance.

Blockchain Governance Strategies and Elements

Within any blockchain ecosystem, you’ll encounter two implementation types: on-chain and off-chain. On-chain pertains to rules governing the blockchain’s core infrastructure, while off-chain rules focus on external operations and future system development. To truly understand the advantages and disadvantages of these two approaches, we first need to list and define the elements of blockchain governance.

Blockchain governance comprises four essential elements:

  • Consensus: This element encompasses various consensus mechanisms, such as Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake, which regulate transaction verification and miner rewards, resembling a form of hierarchical centralization within the blockchain.
  • Incentives: Incentives drive diverse network participants, including miners, to actively contribute to the blockchain’s functionality and success, ensuring a collective stake in its well-being.
  • Information: Information sharing is vital in both public and private blockchains, differing significantly from traditional governance models by fostering openness and impacting both on-chain and off-chain processes.
  • Governing Structure: Blockchain governance exhibits remarkable flexibility compared to traditional institutions, necessitating adaptability to the ever-changing network dynamics, a departure from rigid top-down corporate approaches.

Understanding Off-chain Governance

Off-chain governance stands as an effective remedy for reinforcing the stability of well-established cryptocurrencies like Ethereum and Bitcoin. Upon closer examination, it becomes evident that off-chain governance shares striking similarities with conventional governance frameworks.

Within the realm of off-chain governance, a delicate equilibrium is skillfully maintained among various stakeholders, encompassing users, miners, business entities, and other community participants.

Let’s take a closer look at how off-chain impacts the four key elements of blockchain governance:

  • Consensus is established and overseen by community leaders, with miners taking a pivotal role in validating transactions and adding blocks to the chain, as seen in the case of Bitcoin.
  • Incentives are exemplified by Bitcoin, where miners earn fees, developers possess the authority to modify the network, and businesses act in their self-interest.
  • Information flow within a public blockchain, characterized by transparency, differs markedly from the opaque workings of governments and corporations. Transparency is key, providing all parties with insights into network activities, although it can sometimes lead to polarization among stakeholders.
  • The governing structure adopts a decentralized approach, a stark departure from centralized institutions’ governance models. Bitcoin, for instance, employs the BIP (Bitcoin Improvement Proposal) mechanism, enabling developers to make significant contributions in an open and inclusive environment.

Understanding On-chain Governance

On-chain governance pertains to the inner workings of the blockchain, and it represents a relatively recent development with numerous intriguing facets. Presently, on-chain governance resembles a form of direct democracy, particularly in its optimized voting mechanisms tailored to specific on-chain networks.

Implementing on-chain governance can serve to reinstate governance principles within systems. However, devising a governance framework can be a time-consuming endeavor, further compounded when dealing with novel technologies. The inherent complexity of blockchain’s decentralized nature adds another layer of intricacy to the process.

Let’s take a closer look at how on-chain impacts the key elements of blockchain governance:

  • Within the realm of on-chain governance, the voting process occurs directly through the protocol itself. This consensus mechanism essentially operates as a form of blockchain-optimized direct democracy.
  • On the front of on-chain governance incentives, the objective is to shift power from miners to developers and ultimately to users, striving for equitable participation. However, it’s crucial to note that this shift doesn’t eliminate conflicts entirely; over time, incentive conflicts may arise, necessitating collaborative resolution efforts among stakeholders.
  • On-chain information shares similarities with its off-chain counterpart in terms of transparency. However, distinctions emerge in the proposal and voting procedures, which operate with their unique dynamics.

One true challenge of on-chain governance is finding a way to manage and keep stakeholders informed and engaged in a decentralized way. To simplify this process Bware Labs just launched GovScan, the first platform designed to enhance transparency and engagement in governance by providing a simple way to track and alert on blockchain governance proposals.

GovScan is designed for tracking governance proposals on multiple chains and bringing all proposals into a single platform, thus eliminating the hurdle of keeping track of protocol updates on different platforms. Participants can stay updated with new proposals, voting timelines, and outcomes through real-time notifications on multiple communication channels – Slack, Discord, and Telegram.


In conclusion, blockchain governance is a complex and evolving landscape that grapples with the unique challenges presented by decentralization. It seeks to strike a balance between the decentralized nature of blockchain networks and the need for effective decision-making and governance.

As blockchain continues to reshape industries and redefine traditional governance structures, understanding these governance strategies and elements becomes increasingly essential. It’s a journey marked by innovation, adaptability, and the pursuit of a more transparent and equitable future, where technology and community collaborate to shape the destiny of decentralized systems.

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